Names to Know in Federal Design and Decor
The third President of the young United States of America was passionate about classical architecture and ideals. He designed Monticello, his home, as well as The University of Virginia and the Virginia State Capitol to represent both the look and philosophy of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826)
Jefferson was strongly influenced by Robert Adam, Thomas Chippendale, Thomas Sheraton, and George Hepplewhite.
Adam was a Scottish architect whose revolutionary neoclassical style was extremely influential in England and America. It was the dominant style from the late 1700s through the mid-1800s in both countries.
Robert Adam (1728 – 1792)
Duncan Phyfe (1768 – 1854)was a Scottish-American furniture maker who emmigrated to the United States in 1784. His New York "manufactury" (shown below) lasted through the 1840s.
In later years he also made furnishings in the Late Greek (Napoleonic and Victorian Greek Revival), Rococo, and Gothic Revival styles.
Photo on right shows a Duncan Phyfe style lyre back chair upholstered in a fabric with a neoclassical wreath motif. Similar fabrics are available at Restoration Fabrics & Trims.
|Duncan Phyfe’s Burgeoning New York Furniture Workshop and Factory on Fulton Street|
George Hepplewhite (c. 1727 – 1786)
|Hepplewhite Style Chair|
Hallmarks of Hepplewhite style include slender, curvilinear yet simple shapes in a well-balanced form, usually with a distinctive shield-shaped back. Additional ornamention, if present, was by inlay or paint.
|Illustrations of Chairbacks from Sheraton's Books|